Papilio (Heraclides) anchisiades

Ruby Spotted Swallowtail

Basic Information

General information

Family: Papilionidae
Sub Family: Papilioninae
Estimated Lifespan 21 Days

Garden Specific Information

Estimated Number In Flight: 11
Total Number of Pupae Received: 92
First Flown On: 03/03/17
Last Flown On: 07/21/22

Species Range:

  • NorthAmerica
  • SouthAmerica

Host plants:

  • Citrus

Food Source

Adults can be found nectaring on a variety of flowers.

Etymology Of Name

The genus Papilio is latin for butterfly. Anchisiades comes from the Greek man Anchises who bragged about having a child with Aphrodite and was struck dead by Zeus for his hubris.


This butterfly prefers lowland tropical forests, citrus groves, and gardens.

Life history

Females lay eggs in groups on host plant leaves. The caterpillars emerge and rest in clusters on the host plant during the day and feed at night. The caterpillars will feed until they are read to form their chrysalides.


Several flights occur during the months of May through October.

Fun Facts

As stated before, the eggs are laid in groups on the host plant leaves. The caterpillars continue this group behavior through every stage. They hatch out of their eggs together, they feed at the same times in the same places, they molt at the same time, and they will pupate at the same time.